What is Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)?
ADHD, or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, is a mental disorder that is most common among children (9%) but also affects adults (3%). It is characterized by high activity levels, difficulty in concentration, resistance to sitting for long periods, and trouble restraining oneself or delayed gratification. This diagnosis is more commonly given to males than females. There are two forms of ADHD, Type 1 (Inattentive) and Type 2 (Hyperactive / Impulse). While there are no known specific causes of ADHD, studies suggest it is genetically transmitted and that prenatal conditions may impact the likelihood of its occurrence.
How Does ADHD Affect People?
The effects of ADHD can be far ranging, especially when it carries on into its adult form. Trouble concentrating can lead to low class grades or job performance. Disorganization can lead to lateness and chronic unfinished tasks. Impulsivity can lead to addictive tendencies and money problems. Emotional difficulties lead to irritability or hypersensitivity. Hyperactivity may lead to inner restlessness or risk taking. These effects can have disastrous consequences unless the managed properly.
There are a number of different treatments for ADHD. Medication, either as a short term or long term remedy, has proven helpful on its own and more helpful with other treatments. Treating your body right – exercise, sleep, and healthy eating habits – have all proven to be good regulatory habits. Finally, but not least, counselling and psychotherapy has proven immensely helpful both to reduce symptoms of ADHD and help with life management. Freedom Counselling offers both Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) to help manage symptoms and marriage and family therapy for those whose relationships are being impacted by ADHD. For a more wholistic treatment perspective, Freedom Counselling recommends all clients talk with their doctors if they are experiencing symptoms of any mental disorder.
This Government of British Columbia website gives a great overview of ADHD and the resources that the province has to offer. To learn more, click here.
Child Mind Institute
This article by the Child Mind Institute is a great help for parents who have a child diagnosed with ADHD or who think their child may have ADHD. Find out more here.
This article gives helpful insight to those or their loved ones who have adult ADHD. It goes over symptoms, effects, and treatment options. To learn more click here.